Rats are common rodents found in our houses and compounds. They are responsible for the spread of a number of diseases. Here are some of the diseases caused by rats and mice
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
This is a viral infection that is mainly spread by deer mice, rice rats, cotton rats and white-footed mice. The disease is spread through direct contact with the mice, inhaling dust that is contaminated with urine and droppings of the rodents and rarely by rat bites.
Its clinical presentation is headaches, muscles pains, stomach problems, dizziness, chills and in some cases shortness of breath. It is also important to note that there is no specific cure of vaccine for this disease.
It is a bacterial infection that is spread by rodents among other animals. It is mainly spread by eating food or drinking water that is contaminated with urine from the infected rodents and other animals. It is also spread by contact with the skin with contaminated soil or water.
Its clinical presentation includes symptoms like fever, nausea, vomiting, conjunctivitis, and muscle aches among others. It is mainly treated with a full course of antibiotics.
Plague is caused by bacteria. It is spread by wild rodents which include woodrats, rock squirrels among others. It is spread through bites from infected fleas and direct contact with the infected rodents. It can also be spread through inhalation of contaminated air.
It can be treated with antibiotics, and a vaccine is also available.
It is also a viral infection that is spread by brown mice, striped mice, and the yellow-necked mice. Just like Hantavirus, it is spread by inhaling dust containing rat urine and droppings, direct contact with the rodents and also rat bites.
Containing the spread of diseases caused by rat and mice
The better way is to get rid of the rats and mice. This can be done by spraying your house and compound with a rat and mice repellant. One can also use mice traps and poisons but be sure to dispose of the dead mice properly to avoid the rats being eaten by cats. Check this and learn how to get rid of common attic and household pests. Also look at the best humane mouse trap.
More to that, one can get a vaccine for the diseases which have available vaccines when they are visiting countries which are likely to have such diseases. Avoiding contact with such rodents may also help to contain the spread. In case one’s house is infested with rats it is important to ensure all food are stored in sealed containers, all cooking utensils should be washed with soap and water before use. Ensure drinking water is treated or boiled before drinking.
With these simple things to do, one can easily avoid diseases caused by rats.